Pengendalian konvergensi eksponensial untuk omnidirectional mobile robot dengan empat roda

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Muhammad Jodi Pamenang Indrazno Siradjuddin Budhy Setiawan

Abstract

Tujuan mendasar dari kontrol gerak mobile robot adalah untuk mengarahkan robot ke posisi yang diberikan secara acak pada ruang 2D. Mobile robot dengan roda omni memiliki sifat holonomic di mana memiliki keunggulan kelincahan dan permasalahan pengendalian gerak hanya pada sisi aktuator, sedangkan mobile robot dengan roda konvensional, memiliki permasalahan tambahan pengendalian gerak dalam ruang area operasional robot. Karenanya, robot omni lebih gesit untuk bergerak dalam konfigurasi ruang area kerja apa pun. Makalah ini menyajikan model kontrol konvergensi eksponensial berbasis model untuk mobile robot omnidirectional roda empat. Kontrol yang diusulkan menjamin penurunan kesalahan secara eksponensial dari gerakan robot ke setiap posisi robot yang diinginkan. Pembahasan meliputi model kinematik dan kontrol dari robot bergerak omnidirectional roda empat dan eksperimen simulasi yang telah dilakukan untuk memverifikasi kinerja kontrol yang meliputi lintasan robot 2D, serta nilai error atau kesalahan pada kontrol robot. Hasil dari eksperimen simulasi menunjukkan keefektifan kontrol yang diusulkan. Mobile robot telah bergerak ke posisi yang diinginkan pada garis lurus dengan tujuan robot yang akurat dan niali error atau kesalahan yang didapat ialah |0.02735| serta grafik error telah menurun secara eksponensial.


 


The fundamental objective of a mobile robot motion control is to navigate the robot to any given arbitrary posture in which robot 2D location and its heading are concerned. Mobile robots with omni wheels have a holonomic properties the advantage is of agility and motion control problems only on the actuator, while mobile robots with conventional wheels, have a problem of motion control the robot in task space. Therefore, the omni-wheeled mobile robots are more agile to move in any task space configuration.  This paper presents a model based exponential convergence control law for a four-wheeled omnidirectional mobile robot. The proposed control law guarantees an exponential error decay of mobile robot motion to any given desired robot posture. The kinematic model and the control law of a four-wheeled omnidirectional mobile robot are discussed. Simulation experiments have been conducted to verify the control law performances which include the 2D robot trajectory, the error signals, and the robot control signals. Results from simulation experiments show the effectiveness of the proposed control law. Mobile robot has moved to the desired position in a straight line with the aim of the robot that is accurate and the error or error obtained is | 0.02735 | and the error graph has decreased exponentially

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How to Cite
PAMENANG, Muhammad Jodi; SIRADJUDDIN, Indrazno; SETIAWAN, Budhy. Pengendalian konvergensi eksponensial untuk omnidirectional mobile robot dengan empat roda. JURNAL ELTEK, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 108-115, apr. 2020. ISSN 2355-0740. Available at: <https://jraam.polinema.ac.id/index.php/eltek/article/view/225>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.33795/eltek.v18i1.225.
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